MEN’S FASHION TRENDS SPRING-SUMMER 2018

By Rody dit “le roux de secours”, March 12, 2018 (article updated on January 31, 2020)

Trend, trend and more trend! Here’s a word that will make more than one squeak. With the male fashion industry experiencing unprecedented growth, trend analysis has become a necessity. Besides, we notice that more and more brands are starting to leave men’s collections: Isabel Marant has taken the plunge, Jacquemus will soon take out of its boxes a men’s line and let’s be honest, you no longer need your girlfriend or mom to go on a shopping spree! We therefore offer you a trend review focused on cinema and television over time. On the program: surprise, Magnum (not ice cream, but the guy with the mustache and the Ferrari), “they are crazy at Comme un camion”, the brothers Venturas Ace and Lino and a revival of our college years and high school because the nineties style sets in for good.

A quick recap before we start

First of all, it should start with a retrospective of the coming season. It may sound strange said like that, but the collections have been on display for a year now. And the first of all is horizontal or vertical is worn Dewey way. The multicolored 90’s stripes on a raw, black or mineral background will undoubtedly be the hit of the season. We continue with a color that is not really one, black. Deep and intense, it is present in dominant color for the SS18 and appears in jacket, pants or in total look (Darth Vader, if you read me). Who says beautiful season, says normally, significant heat. The bare foot, in sandals or tap, plastic, leather or in color, will also be there! So we release the feet so that they smell good this summer even if it is not won for some.

Another big comeback is the double breasted blazer. For our greatest pleasure, this piece of our wardrobe is essential this season. We will prefer it navy blue, with tone-on-tone details or with large white tiles for the most stylish. And as you can imagine, it will also be black. Another return, the shirt. And yes gentlemen the shirt! No longer the prerogative of a 45-year-old accountant still living with mom, this season is printed, Cuban, geometric, tropical, flowing, in cotton with sleeves rolled up or layered over a t-shirt but also wide and floating in Magnum style (no, still not ice) or silky and stylish in high-waisted pants.

We now move on to the stockings, focusing on the pants cut. This season, it will be wide, falling on the foot, straight, loose and flazed. In chino, jogging style or wool, you don’t hesitate with comfort and style. Finally, head back to the future for 90’s denim at the door of the 00’s. For jeans, it will be high waist and stone, its wash can also be bleached and torn at the knees, it’s up to you! We also don’t forget the jackets in the same material! Finally, the last piece is one of the most complicated. Whether you miss it or not, you will also have to rely on the wetsuit and this in all its variations: short wetsuit, mechanic wetsuit, dressy wetsuit, printed wetsuit, short diving wetsuit! The combi must be in the image of its owner.

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90s, the right style

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Thirty years after the advent of oversized blazers, camel shades of camel and duo flip-flops / slip dress, fashion revives – with an undisguised gluttony – with the aesthetic charter of the 90s. Review of stylistic gimmicks of the time having recently regained their relevance…

 Slip a hoodie under an oversized blazer (see here).

 Bet on contrasts by associating pea coat / turtleneck and mini skirt (see here).

 On off days, wear your blazer with gray fleece jogging pants (see here).

 Choose your costumes that are a bit too big to give them a Gavroche look (see here).

 Wear under his large twisted sweaters a raw denim shirt with a raised collar (see here).

 Make the oversized denim jacket its new barbour (see here).

 Swap Docs for a pair of cowboy boots (see here).

 Marry a houndstooth print male blazer, shirt, T-shirt and high-waisted bleached jeans (see here).

 Treat her costumes as a full-blown evening dress by wearing them next to the skin (see here).

 Combine large creoles and sparkling cardigan (see here).

 Casualize a slip dress by putting on a pair of flip flops (see here).

 Make the large sweater dress a quilted clothing par excellence (see here).

 Wear a monochrome casual look with a pair of white sneakers (see here).

Mix blue cerulean t-shirt, slightly destroyed faded jeans, white sneakers, caramel tan and good humor (see here).

 Feminize your loose looks via a turban headband (or a turban headband) (see here).

 Telescoping the tiles (see here).

 Marry smoke blue, purple and forest green (see here).

 Consider buying a new pair of Gazelle (see here and there).

 Warm her satin skirts with a thick, cozy sweater (see here).

 Mix black and brown (see here and there).

 Combine sailor cap, oversized sweater and mischievous air (see here).

 Gather her socks in her sneakers (see here).

The essentials of a nineties wardrobe

 A houndstooth-print wool blazer.

 A large twisted sweater.

 A printed T-shirt.

 A slip dress.

 Wide pants.

 A pair of Gazelle.

 Black jeans 501.

 A white round neck T-shirt.

 A denim shirt.

Constance, the good style # 2

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Dissected 2 years ago, the style of Constance – dashing housewife with cheerfully azimuthed bourgeois looks – continues to seduce me with her offbeat humor and her coquetry that is so detailed. It was therefore legitimate in my eyes to devote a second part to it “the good style”. Review of the new little things that we could borrow from the shimmering stylistic grammar of this expert in overlays …

 Prefer Doc Martens a pair of chocolate Paraboots (see here).

 Marry gray, yellow and pearl gray (see here).

 Unearth and cherish clothing “Proust madeleines” (see here).

 Go up and cross the collar of his plaid shirt to reveal it under a funnel neck sweatshirt (see here).

 Footwear – where most would have opted for trendy sneakers – a pair of velvet ballerinas with pointed toes (see here).

 Treat your sneaker laces like a full-fledged chain necklace (see here).

 Telescoping British tweed and funky T-shirt (see here).

 Skate the striped / leopard duo by working them in tone on tone (see here).

 Break the bourgeois dimension of the iconic Agnès B waistcoat by having fun superimposing it on one of her twins (see here).

 Unearth an inedible version of the candy necklaces dear to our childhood (see here).

 Make pink and its derivatives its chromatic playground (see here, here, here, here and there).

 Cultivate a joyful stylistic schizophrenia, between a high spirit of “châtelaine at rest” and sneakers with a retro flavor (see here).

 Occasionally swap immaculate sneakers for a pair of ninetie white ankle boots (see here).

Warm her bare ankles with the famous slim rolls via a pair of thick colored socks (see here).

 Marry lilac, pale pink and pearl gray (see here).

 Offer a winter life to your ballerinas by associating them with a pair of warm tights (see here).

 Make the rock DNA of his perfecto lie by reheating it in contact with a tartan print worthy of Queen Elizabeth on a spree at Balmoral (see here).

 Chic your down jacket by sliding the top buttoned denim shirt / fancy necklace duo (see here).

 Dare to make kitsch an element of fashionable humor (see here).

 Combine Barbès sweatshirt and tiles (see here).

 Wear the removable sheepskin collar of his jackets over his striped blouses (see here).

 Use and abuse the male blazer / pleated leopard dress mix (see here).

 Dramatize the mini lengths by combining girly accessories and printed sneakers (see here).

 Over-accumulate ethical fashionning bracelets (see here).

 Collect regressive or retro T-shirts likely to twist any style (see here, here and there).

 Make the wide midi skirt the partner of choice for the sportswear / sportswear tandem tandem (see here).

 Invest in a remastered aviator jacket to accompany your iridescent tops (see here).

 Soften the clash of styles via a clever shades of shades (see here and there).

Web presence

Google Domains offers several options for securing and managing your web presence:

Use your domain name as a custom domain for Google App Engine, Blogger or Google Sites.

Use one of the partner web hosting providers and easily associate your site with your domain. You can create an account or use one that you have already set up.

Choose another third-party web hosting provider.

Use the web redirect feature to redirect traffic from your domain directly to an existing site.

Select a web hosting provider below to find out how to start a trial plan. Alternatively, you can log into your existing account with one of the integrated third-party web hosting providers, Google’s web tools, or other third-party web hosting providers. You also have the option of simply redirecting your domain to an existing site.

Select a web hosting provider to start:

Google Web Tools (Blogger, Google App Engine and Google Sites)

Shopify

Squarespace

Weebly

Wix

WordPress by Bluehost

Other third-party web hosting provider

Web redirect to an existing website

ISP (Intrnet Service Providers) and Hosting

Do not confuse the Internet service provider (ISP) which provides you with a connection to the Internet and the host who hosts your site on its server. Although some ISPs also offer hosting, it is often cheaper to do business with two separate companies. There are free and paid hosts.

ISP (Internet Service Providers)

How to choose your Internet service provider?

The variables are:

Does it offer high speed? With the exception of specialized companies with RNS lines, Videotron is faster than Bell-sympatico high speed.

Reliability: Check with subscribers.

– Is the ISP server often down?

– Does it have enough lines to support all of its subscribers.

The cost? Compare.

Interesting text on the website of the Institut du commerce électronique du Québec.

Supplier survey

Internet services

Statistics Canada has just released 2001 data from the Annual Survey of Internet Service Providers and Other Related Services. Among other things, the survey found that in 2001, operating revenues for the Internet service provider sector reached $ 1.27 billion, up 27%. Source and continuation

Accommodation

Paid hosting is essential for a site. Accommodation with a free host gives a bad impression, a lack of professionalism. Hosting means recent servers, sufficient bandwidth to ensure acceptable access speed for your visitors and up-to-date software. The host must be able to cope with sudden increases in the number of visitors. The host must provide for the future technological needs of the site. The host must offer an extranet with a dashboard, email accounts, virus and spam management and foolproof security of your data. Finally, technical support must be fast and efficient.

Choosing the right host

A very good little summary to choose your host

By Anthony Alberti

Poor quality accommodation (slowness, cuts, etc.) is the cause of many Internet users who do not finish their visit because of the slowness or worse, because of the site which has become inaccessible. There is nothing more disturbing than having to move a site. The accommodation offers are legion and you could say that they all look the same. How then is it possible to identify the most efficient professionals to respond to your request? (…) To read more in 2000.txt

By Jean Lançon

If the content is just as important as the container for the success of a website, we sometimes tend to forget the fundamental role that the quality of hosting plays. Poor connectivity, poorly exploited or malfunctioning technology, and your losses (in terms of audience and therefore often money) quickly add up significantly. The first rule to observe is to “plan wide”. Undersizing your accommodation, or evaluating it too tightly, is a mistake. Surprises are often unpleasant and costly when your traffic exceeds your forecasts, and the bandwidth quota allocated to you explodes under the yoke of your visitors. (…) To read more in 2001.txt

Each application has its application

To fully benefit from the benefits of castor oil, regular application adapted to the needs of each person is necessary. By following the few recommendations that follow, one to four weeks of use will be enough to feel the beneficial effects. Your nails will be stronger, better hydrated, healthier and their growth accelerated. However, the success of the treatment will depend on the regularity of the applications. We therefore advise you to take good habits as soon as possible.

So before any application, start by ensuring the cleanliness of your nails. Remember to remove any varnish residue with a mild solvent and wash your hands thoroughly. If necessary, push back your cuticles with a boxwood stick or a cuticle pusher. When the treatment is carried out before your manicure, it is desirable to file and give the desired shape to your nails at this stage. After these first steps, your nails are ready for the application of castor oil.

To fortify and beautify your healthy nails

You want to strengthen your nails in order to maintain their natural beauty and health. Ideally, apply castor oil before your manicures. This vegetable oil, very easy to use, is handled like a classic nail polish. So, get the applicator brush that comes with your oil bottle or a small flat makeup brush that will do the job just as well. Soak it in oil, being careful to squeeze it well to limit the risk of running between your fingers. To control the dosage of the product more precisely and avoid soaking the brush directly in the jar, a trick is to place a few drops in the cap of the bottle. Then apply the oil on your nail, extending over the sides and cuticles. Still with the brush, finish by spreading the oil below the nail.

This step completed, massage each nail by making small circular movements with your fingertips. This will help the active components of the product to penetrate the heart of the nail. By insisting on the base, that is to say the matrix, you will stimulate the blood circulation essential to the vitality of your nails. The drying time of the oil is variable. We recommend that you leave the product on for at least 15 minutes. However, there is no contraindication to waiting longer. Finally, wipe off the excess product with a clean towel. When your treatment is finished and your nails are ready, you can now switch to the varnish of your choice.

To nourish and hydrate your damaged nails

Weakened by everyday actions, your nails appear soft, brittle, brittle or split. In order to repair your nails and restore their natural shine, a treatment over several days with castor oil is essential. A brush application may be perfectly suitable for obtaining good results. But to take full advantage of the oil’s performance and, more particularly, its nourishing and hydrating qualities, it is important to apply it preferably in the evening. That way your nails will have plenty of time to absorb the benefits of the oil at their own pace overnight.

If your nails are in very bad condition, the oil bath technique is quite suitable. Once or twice a week, pour a little castor oil in a bowl in which you will immerse your fingers for about fifteen minutes. Then, massage your nails generously before rinsing and drying them. Depending on the desired effects, it is possible to combine castor oil with other vegetable oils with complementary virtues.

Castor oil for nails: how to use it?

Castor oil par excellence, castor oil is renowned for its many virtues. But what is castor oil? What are its benefits ? How to choose and use it? We invite you to discover this impressive miracle oil of qualities to beautify your nails and keep them in good health.

A healthy and natural oil

Castor oil, also known as beaver oil, is 100% vegetable and natural. It comes from the pressure of the seeds of a shrub called castor bean. Unlike the castor bean seed, the oil extracted from it has no toxicity. It has been used because of its many benefits for centuries in both medicine and cosmetics. In ancient times, the Egyptians used to harvest the fruits of this plant mainly found in tropical Africa to produce the precious substance they used to remove make-up.

The shrub has since been grown in India, China and Brazil. Known for its beneficial effects on the skin, hair and nails, castor oil has a unique texture. Pale yellow or even colorless in color, it is both dense and limpid and emits a pleasant and discreet odor. Its high viscosity and its hydrating power make it a highly sought-after ingredient in the composition of beauty products.

A source of benefits for our nails

It’s no secret that to be healthy, our nails need to be nourished, hydrated and protected. When healthy, their growth varies between 3 and 4 mm per month. However, our activities, our general state of health (in particular stress and fatigue), the effects of time or even our bad little habits, such as biting our nails, mistreat them, weaken them and slow down their growth.

Presented as an ideal solution, castor oil solves many of our daily ailments. This miraculous oil, made up of fatty acids and more particularly ricinoleic acid, is naturally rich in Omega 6, Omega 9 and vitamin E which give it undeniable protective and curative qualities.

By its generous composition, castor oil provides all the care necessary to strengthen our nails and promote their growth. Nourishing and hydrating, it acts in depth to make the nail more resistant. Soft, brittle, brittle or split nails are then strengthened and better protected against possible cracks. Nails treated with castor oil, whether hands or feet, quickly regain their shine and vitality.

Thanks to these same properties, castor oil is a real asset for the protection of our cuticles. Cold, dry air and some cleaning products cause the thin skin around our nails to dry out. Too dry, it cracks to the point of sometimes suffering from small cuts. In order to restore flexibility and efficiency to our cuticles to preserve the matrix of our nails, it is essential to hydrate them well and nourish them with castor oil and the richness of its fatty acids.

Finally, castor oil has undeniable purifying and purifying powers. With antibacterial and antifungal properties, the oil helps prevent infections by eliminating bacteria and impurities. It is also used effectively against nail fungus. Its rich and dense texture easily penetrates the different layers of the nail and is ideal for localized care.

The VFD and PWM drivers:

For the management of VFD tubes, I used a specialized circuit: The MAX6934.

It allows controlling up to 32 grids / anodes via a serial interface.

It allows to use a voltage going from 8 to 76V. It is possible to put several in series.

For this application, all outputs are used (4 x 7 anodes + 4 x 1 grid).

There are circuits with fewer outputs in the same family of components at Maxim integrated.

The tubes are mounted on small supports which are perfectly suited for their mechanical support and to compensate for the height of the LEDs.

These are spikes that I recovered several years ago and I can’t find the same ones. If you have a source please let me know  

For the management of RGB LEDs, I chose to use a PCA9685 circuit from the manufacturer NXP.

I have already used this circuit in several projects: The RGB clock and the Christmas tree.

It can control 16 LEDs in 12-bit PWM via an I2C bus. In this application 15 outputs are used (5 LEDs x 3 colors).

The LEDs are coupled to a MOSFET transistor.

This allows the LEDs to be supplied with 12V and does not increase the current consumption at the output of the 5V regulator.

Warning ! The LEDs are in common anodes.

The seconds LED was mounted on two LED supports. These are the same ones I used on the RGB clock. They had been bought on ebay.

The sensors and their amplification:

The clock has two sensors: a light sensor and a temperature sensor.

The light sensor makes it possible to detect a drop in light and to be able to turn off the LEDs at night (to avoid light pollution).

A setting option allows the management of the LED lighting. Three modes are available (see video).

The light sensor used is a photoresistor. It is mounted on a voltage divider bridge then amplified via a non-inverting AOP circuit.

The non-inverting assembly has a gain of 2.

The output of the assembly is connected to an ADC input of the microcontroller.

I’m going to add a setting to the clock so that I can adjust the detection level because it depends on where it is located.

The temperature sensor used is an LM35.

It has been placed opposite the power supplies to avoid disturbing the measurement in case the power supplies heat up.

The non-inverting assembly has a gain of 4.9.

The output of the assembly is connected to an ADC input of the microcontroller.

The sensor output voltage is proportional to the temperature (10mV per ° C).

This assembly can therefore be used for a temperature range from 0 ° to 100 ° C.

The sensors have been mounted with an LED support for their mechanical support. I used the same as on the seconds LED.

 The PSTN circuit:

The RTC (real-time clock) circuit allows real-time clock management. It stores hours, minutes, seconds …

The circuit chosen is a PCF8563 from the manufacturer NXP.

VFD clock of Etienne | October 20, 2019 | VFD2 Tube Clock Project Comments

I present to you my finalized “VFD Clock” project.

Through this article, I will explain the electronic functioning of the clock and the VFD tubes that I used on it.

Good reading and see you soon to see the rest of my current projects  

To start, here are some pictures of the set:

1] VFD IV-12 (ИВ-12) tubes:

The VFD (vacuum fluorescent display) tubes that I selected for this clock, are displays that were used in the 80s.

They have the particularity of being very resistant to cold. They were used in particular in the USSR.

It gives them a second life and I find them beautiful.

You can find them for purchase on ebay. Sellers are often found in Russia or Ukraine.

These displays consist of a heated cathode (filament), anodes and a grid. The whole is sealed in a glass envelope where there is a high vacuume.

Their operation is quite similar to a triode (with direct heating). The heated cathode allows the release of its electrons from its support.

The grid makes it possible to favor or restrict the passage of electrons, this in particular makes it possible to be able to make multiplexing.

When the grid and an anode are at positive potential, the electrons strike the fluorescent part of the controlled segment.

2] The electronic card

As mentioned in the previous article, I tested the services of the PCBWay site for manufacturing the PCB.

I had no problem except for the holes in the power connector but I realized that the GERBER was not very clear about it

So I did the drilling with my mini drill (dremel), as it is double-sided no problem to do so.

GERBER files are available at the end of the article.

Photos of the card before and after welding of the components

I made clocks a few years ago with a PCB made by myself.

I provide the files at the end of the article so that you can make it easier

Description:

This clock includes:

a PIC18 microcontroller

four VFD tubes

a VFD driver

five LEDs

a PWM LED driver

three power supplies

a BTI

a backup battery

a light sensor

a temperature sensor

two operational amplifiers

four push buttons

2] Power supplies:

For this application, you must integrate:

a 5V power supply for the microcontroller, the RTC and the operational amplifiers.

1.5V 500mA power supply for VFD cathodes

a 30V 150mA power supply for the anodes and the grid of VFD tubes

The 5V supply is made by a linear regulator in a SOT89 box.

It is not easy to create a 1.5V power supply with an output current of 500mA. This current consumption is due to the power of the 4 cathodes (4 x 110mA max).

I chose to use the MC34063 circuit which is very suitable for doing this. It is configured in “step-down” mounting.

For the 30V power supply, I chose to use the same circuit. It can also be configured in “step-up” mounting.

As the internet grows, the number of merchant sites increases

As the internet grows, the number of merchant sites increases. At the end of 2007, the number of merchant sites in France was estimated at 32,000. Attracting customers to its site became more and more expensive and complex, which made the economic balance of many sites difficult.

There are many electronic transactions, but the network also makes it possible to circumvent market logic and, therefore, does not necessarily lead to the creation of economic value (Peer-to-peer exchange of music or videos between individuals, sale of counterfeits, recovery wild content of information infringing copyright, etc.)

The digitization of information goods is strongly re-composing the value chains of industries such as the press, publishing, communication and entertainment (music, cinema, games, television). This recomposition is leading to major restructuring in these industries, with losses significant use.

The factors favoring the development of electronic commerce:

        a-the technological environment: electronic commerce combines the use of terminals and networks. If broadband access to the Internet is an essential factor, access to connected connected terminals is also one, as is the variety of accesses to the Internet. The development of Wi-Fi wireless networks (http: //fr/wikipedia.org/wiki/Wi-fi) widens the possibilities of access to Internet in its public areas like the stations, the airports or even the hotel. The availability of inexpensive connection terminals is also a key factor in equipping consumers. In this respect, the development of high-speed wireless mobile telephone networks (3G and 3G +) has made it possible to transform the mobile telephone into an Internet access terminal, which multiplies the number of potential e-commerce customers by the same amount. The arrival of “intelligent” mobile terminals (smartphones) with internet capacities equivalent to those of a laptop (Wi-Fi, simple navigation interface) will democratize internet access.

b-public infrastructure: the growth in online sales is strongly correlated with the penetration rate of broadband Internet access. Consequently, the network infrastructure allowing Internet access constitutes a significant factor in the development of electronic commerce. broadband access is highly dependent on the quality of a country’s telecommunications infrastructure. Indeed, the main access technology, ADSL, is very dependent on the physical quality of the telephone lines and the distance between the end customer and the telephone exchange (http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/ADSL ). Furthermore, for the maximum number of citizens to be able to access this technology, it is necessary for the public authorities to favor, through an appropriate legal framework, the development of Internet access throughout the territory. In this regard, the delegation of public service entrusted to local authorities facilitates the deployment of broadband access in low density regions in which private operators are reluctant to invest.

       c-the rate of computer equipment: The rate of computer equipment of consumers is a fundamental factor of electronic development. Even if there are alternatives to connecting to the Internet (connection from the workplace, cyber cafes, public kiosks), most consumers prefer to use their personal equipment to place an order online. This IT equipment constitutes a real cost of access to electronic commerce, a cost which had been made zero when the Minitel was introduced in France by free distribution of the connection terminal. The penetration rate of micro-computing in French households exceeded 50% in 2005 and reached 55% in 2006. This rate is notoriously one of the lowest in the European Union. Northern Europe (Denmark, Sweden) has penetration rates above 80%. The United States has a rate of 65% and Japan, 78%.

Emergence of electronic commerce

   the appearance of the internet in the economic field at the end of the 1990s led to a real upheaval in the conduct of business in a very large number of industrial sectors. After a phase of euphoria and bursting of the Internet bubble, companies gradually invested this network in order to develop their activities. this is called e-business. These activities are very varied since they include consulting online bank accounts, buying and selling financial securities, paying taxes online, buying trips, etc.

   Understanding this whole leads to a risk of dispersion, or even inconsistency. E-commerce is seen as a subcategory of the larger field of e-business.

Since the internet was opened to the general public, the internet has gradually transformed into an electronic distribution channel in which businesses and consumers exchange and market goods and services. Designed for military and then university purposes, the Internet was not intended as a first line for carrying out commercial transactions and replacing other distribution channels. however, this transformation of the internet into an economic space was very rapid, and it is now an essential market space. however, the place of the internet varies widely across economic sectors. after a euphoric start-up phase in the early 2000s, the internet returns to more complex realities than the simple switch from physical to electronic transactions. After presenting the current reality, the trends of electronic commerce and the factors that influence its development, it will be necessary to look into the definition of electronic commerce, as the uses of the internet for commercial purposes are many and different. it is also important to understand the variety of different business models possible in this digital space. Finally, the reasons for the use of such a channel for consumers and for businesses must be examined in order to understand the interest of this form of commerce.

In addition, many commercial transactions are carried out by telephone for distance selling. it is also possible to carry out certain commercial transactions directly from a mobile phone.

  Electronic commerce is a very diverse emerging reality depending on the economic sector. It is still difficult to draw generalities valid in all economic sectors for this type of trade.

  Sometimes seen as an El Dorado, electronic commerce experiences a more contrasted reality:

turnover regularly increases by around 30 to 40% per year, but electronic commerce today only represents around 60 billion euros in France. In the United States, electronic commerce (B2C) represented only 2.5% of retail trade in 2005 and 3.4% at the end of 2007 (http://www.census.gov/mrts/www/data/html/07Q3 .html).

In Europe, e-commerce in 2007 (27 countries) represented 4.5% of business turnover compared to 2.1% in 2004 with significant differences between countries: in Ireland, e-commerce represented 9.8% of business turnover , 8.5% in Norway, 7% in Great Britain, less than 1% in Slovakia and Italy.

The turnover of electronic commerce in Morocco should reach 100 million DH at the end of 2009, against 31 million DH in 2008. The number of commercial sites increased from 16 at the end of 2008 to more than 60 at the end of last October. To boost the sector, several measures have been taken, including the creation of a committee responsible for the security of computer systems reporting to the National Council for Information Technology and the Digital Economy and the development of a charter relating to online marketing sites in partnership with professionals.

Companies present on the Internet exist in large numbers and are sometimes profitable … but a leader like Pixmania only achieves in France the turnover of a handful of hypermarkets (Carrefour has more than 200 on French soil).